The hottest talent shortage common problems faced

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Talent shortage the common problem faced by the printing industry

at the beginning of this year, the printing industry in Guangdong broke an amazing news: printing talents are in urgent need. According to media reports, Guangdong's packaging and printing industry is in short supply of talents, with a huge gap of nearly 150000 people. However, there is not only a shortage of printing talents in Guangdong, but also a shortage of packaging and printing talents. In fact, Wenzhou, an important city of China's printing industry, is also facing the same thorny problem. Chenpingxun, executive vice president of Wenzhou Printing Association, once said in public that the output value of the whole printing industry in Wenzhou increased by about 10% in 2004, reaching 13billion yuan. However, in the process of rapid development, printing enterprises have encountered a common problem: the serious shortage of printing talents and skilled workers has restricted the development of the industry to a certain extent. China's printing industry developed areas of talent frequently in urgent need, and the printing industry is relatively backward areas of talent shortage situation is more serious. So, why does China's printing industry suddenly encounter the embarrassment of talent shortage today? What local experience can be used for reference

Education Mode: the development of China's printing industry has gone through a detour, and the emerging packaging and printing industry was born out of the production mode of small workshops. Therefore, few employees have received higher education or have intermediate or above technical titles. It is understood that even some well-known large enterprises in the industry have unreasonable talent structure and professional structure. The proportion of engineers and senior workers is very low, less than 4%. Senior engineers and technicians are rare. This means that there are certain limitations in China's printing education model, that is, the professional structure and talent structure are unreasonable

this is mainly because: Although there are several printing colleges and packaging engineering colleges in China, which also cultivate a group of professional technicians to enter the printing industry every year, for a long time, due to the slow professional curriculum and innovation of printing colleges and universities in China, sometimes it is not that Nangang will equip multiple robots in the production line 1 for a long time, and its rationality, practicality and professionalism need to be gradually improved. Therefore, an "olive" educational structure model has been formed. That is, the cultivation of senior management personnel and ordinary professional technicians is ignored, and most of them are between the two. However, the talents cultivated by this professional and talent structure education mode of "big in the middle and small at both ends" feel a little "high and low" in practical work. I'm afraid this is the main reason why the printing industry is increasingly confused by the scarcity of talents despite the continuous output of talents from printing colleges every year

brain drain: job hopping has become a fashion

according to the survey, among the 36000 printing employees in Chongqing, only more than 60 college graduates, even less than 1.7% o. What is more worrying is that even this poor 1.7%. Also precarious, there has been a relatively serious loss. For example, some of the printing professionals who have come to Chongqing from Beijing Institute of printing over the years have gone to developed coastal areas, and some have simply changed jobs and started other businesses. The gradual depletion of talents is like taking a salary from the bottom of the barrel, which makes Chongqing's printing industry face many difficulties

"Chongqing phenomenon" is widely representative, which reflects the current situation of China's printing enterprises from one side. While a large number of printing talents with professional skills have been lost, a large number of front-line production and technical workers have not received due professional training. Many enterprises, especially small and medium-sized private enterprises, are unwilling to invest in talent training for fear that employees will change jobs after training, and the investment will not return. Therefore, the employment method of using only, without training, and fishing with all the benefits is adopted. This also greatly restricts the improvement of the overall quality of employees in the industry, forming a shortage of printing professionals

referring to the reasons for the loss of printing talents, Liu Xianzhang of Chongqing Printing Association believes that at present, the printing industry has changed from labor-intensive to technology intensive and capital intensive industries, and the employees have also changed from labor to valuable input capital. The low income of the printing industry has led to a serious brain drain of printing talents. Liu Xianzhang said, "in the publishing industry, editing, printing and distribution are one, but they account for 60% of the income distribution of the whole publishing chain, and printing and distribution account for 20% respectively. The situation of high investment and low return in the printing industry makes too many printing practitioners lack confidence, which dampens the enthusiasm of printing talents to a certain extent."

According to relevant media reports, after visiting printing enterprises in Beijing, Tianjin, Shenzhen and other places, the president of Japan Xingling Printing Co., Ltd. felt that there were too many people in Chinese printing enterprises, which was unimaginable in Japanese printing enterprises. The implication is that these printing enterprises are engaged in "crowd tactics" and lack high-quality management and technical personnel. According to the president, because the cost of technicians in Japan's printing industry is very high, each printing machine only arranges an operator and a paper feeding worker to cooperate. At the same time, he believes that in order to ensure the quality of prints, more people on the printing scene will do things badly. Finally, the "prescription" given by this Japanese peer to the Chinese printing industry is: because the improvement of the quality of printing talents can give full play to the progressiveness of machinery, develop the potential functions of machinery, and print distinctive products while improving efficiency and saving costs. Therefore, enterprises should pay attention to the comprehensive training of talents

in fact, like other industries, the competition of printing enterprises is really the competition of talents. Nowadays, it is no longer the era of "many people are easy to handle affairs". No matter how popular the "crowd strategy" is, it can not solve the competitiveness and innovation of enterprises. On the contrary, it will not only increase the burden of enterprises, but also affect the easy progress of enterprises. This is the biggest employment abuse faced by many printing enterprises in China at present

experience of Guangdong and Hong Kong: shaping the brilliance of the Pearl River Delta

in recent years, Hong Kong has attracted excellent printing talents from Europe and the United States and other countries to disperse in various printing enterprises with its unique economic and regional advantages, making the entire Hong Kong printing industry fully integrated into the atmosphere of world printing, and laying the human foundation of Hong Kong's world printing center. At the same time, the Hong Kong government attaches great importance to and supports the printing industry. It has not only established a special vocational training mechanism and formed a mature education and training system, but also contributed to the training. There are corresponding training courses for middle and high-level personnel, printing machine operators and business personnel, and special trade development agencies to help expand the market. In addition, the "printing materials testing and Analysis Center", "printing technology research center" and other institutions funded by the Hong Kong government are committed to digesting and absorbing the latest printing technology information in the world, and then serving enterprises, which greatly reduces enterprise costs, enhances enterprise competitiveness, and promotes the progress of the entire printing industry

although there is a shortage of talents in printing enterprises in the Pearl River Delta, the region has also accumulated rich experience in attracting and training talents in recent years. For example, because the Pearl River Delta region is backed by Hong Kong, the printing enterprises here give full play to their unique geographical advantages, make full use of the human resources of Hong Kong world printing center, and absorb many professional talents from Europe, America and the mainland, so as to build a highland of printing professional talents. While giving full play to the advantages of human resources, they also attach great importance to the quality training of ordinary employees. After systematic training and strict process management, Xu hopes that the above brief introduction can help you. Many ordinary foreign employees can also make products with extremely complex processes, thus promoting the great development of the printing industry in the region

Enterprise Action: invigorate talents

talents are the foundation of all undertakings. How to manage human resources in printing enterprises has increasingly become a key weapon for enterprises to succeed. In this regard, some of the first conscious enterprises began to act and became successful models in the industry

since its establishment in 1993, Shenzhen Yachang Color Printing Co., Ltd. has been exploring and operating for more than 10 years. After repeated practice, it has gradually explored a set of human resource management strategies suitable for its own development. When it is not in use, it wipes and greases the mold, revitalizes the difficult step of talents, and plays a positive role in the construction of enterprise teams, the realization of employee values, and the realization of enterprise goals

it is understood that people are the largest capital of Yachang. They have always adhered to the "three high" policy of talents with "high level of cultural quality, professional technology and artistic accomplishment", which has also become an important strategic idea of human resource management of Yachang company. At the same time, in order to meet the talent demand brought about by the growth of the enterprise, in recent years, Yachang company has absorbed many excellent college graduates from famous domestic universities into the company every year, such as Peking University, Tsinghua University, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Wuhan University, Beijing Institute of printing, etc. After entering Yachang company, college graduates have rapidly grown into the main technical backbones and managers at all levels of the company through systematic training and in an open and challenging working mechanism environment. At present, the employees of Yachang company with college degree or above account for 28% of the total number of employees, ensuring the high-quality of the talent team. This is the fundamental reason for the sudden rise and uniqueness of Yachang company in recent years

interaction between schools and enterprises: talent bottleneck changes the way

some experts believe that; There are few printing colleges and universities in China. As the main source of supply of printing talent resources, the limitations of printing colleges and universities lead to the lack of stability of printing talent supply. More importantly, the knowledge taught by printing colleges in China can no longer meet the needs of today's rapidly developing printing industry, that is, there is a serious disconnect between schools and enterprises. For this reason, some experts pointed out that this requires enterprises to form a good communication bridge with schools, and large printing enterprises should help printing professional schools to introduce advanced printing technology into the school curriculum, so that students can contact the latest practical application knowledge in the industry earlier. School education should be market-oriented, grasp the pulse of the times, and realize the application of learning. Carbon material is a new material developed in recent years. At the same time, we should also take into account the training of on-the-job personnel. This can not only improve the competitiveness of enterprises as soon as possible, but also reduce the capital cost of human resources retraining. Only in this way can China's printing industry realize the interaction and linkage development between schools and enterprises

it is exciting that in this regard, Guangdong is at the forefront of its peers in the country. Since 2002, Shenzhen Vocational and technical college has changed the backward education mode in the past. Guided by market demand, with vocational skills as the core, it has set up professional courses according to the technological process, so that the proportion of public courses, professional theory courses and professional practice courses is 2:4:4, so as to cultivate first-class and new-type composite talents with printing skills in the Pearl River Delta region and meet the urgent needs of Guangdong to build an international printing center

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