My opinion on Japanese machine tool orders hitting

2022-09-21
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Abstract: in fact, a few years ago, China surpassed Japan and became the world's first machine tool producer. In 2012, the gross product of machine tools in 28 major machine tool producing countries and regions in the world reached 94.34 billion US dollars; Among them, the output value of China's machine tools reached 27.54 billion yuan, accounting for 29.19% of the total output value of 28 major machine tool producing countries and regions in the world, ranking first in the world

on January 15, the Japan Industry Association released data. Today in 2017, we mainly introduce the calibration method of the displacement of electronic tensile testing machine. The machine tool order volume (quick report value) increased by 31.6% year-on-year to 164.55 billion yen. Among them, Chinese demand accounted for 1.01 trillion yen, a sharp increase of 41.2% year-on-year. It surpassed 2007, which has set the highest record so far, and broke the record again after 10 years, setting a record high for China's machine tool orders to Japan

why did orders to Japan suddenly surge so much? Is it because the domestic machine tool industry has insufficient production capacity, so it has to seek machine tool products abroad? The answer is obviously not

in fact, a few years ago, China surpassed Japan and became the world's first machine tool manufacturer. In 2012, the gross product of machine tools in 28 major machine tool producing countries and regions in the world reached 94.34 billion US dollars; Among them, the output value of China's machine tools reached 27.54 billion yuan, accounting for 29.19% of the total output value of 28 major machine tool producing countries and regions in the world, ranking first in the world

it is strange that although it is clearly the largest machine tool manufacturer in the world, there is a problem that it is insufficient to supply the domestic machine tool market demand. Why

I. industrial upgrading and the development of emerging manufacturing industries

the Japan industry association mentioned in the report that the main reason for the recovery of China's demand for Japanese machine tools is that Chinese enterprises are undergoing new upgrading

the new upgrading here refers to the adjustment, transformation and upgrading of China's industrial structure at the current stage. In the past year, due to sluggish domestic demand, overcapacity and other reasons, domestic machine tool enterprises have to face a new pattern of industrial transformation and upgrading. Medium and low-end manufacturing enterprises are trying to climb out of the past mire of low technology content and low innovation, improve the level of manufacturing industry and explore high-end markets

such transformation and upgrading naturally requires the help of high-end machine tools. Without high-end machine tools, we cannot produce high-precision and high-tech products, and without products, we can only talk about upgrading

as the world's largest machine tool manufacturer, China's most lacking or weakest link is precisely the high-end machine tool industry. China's high-end machine tool industry is faced with weak innovation ability, low efficiency and insufficient informatization; Insufficient investment in research and development of new products and processes; Insufficient use of new functions in programming technology; The application of advanced cutting tools is not popular enough, and the tooling design is obsolete

on the other hand, in the context of global depression, China's emerging manufacturing industry has developed extremely rapidly, including automobile, robot and other industries. The high-speed development also puts forward higher requirements for the industry

take industrial robots as an example. Due to the popularity of Intelligent Manufacturing in the past two years, the domestic industrial robot industry has developed rapidly. In terms of industrial robot orders, according to the statistics of the Japan Robot Association, Japan's robot exports to China also increased by 33.2% in the second quarter of this year, reaching a new high of 176.5 billion yen (about 10.4 billion yuan)

there are also industries. The growing prosperity of domestic products also puts forward higher requirements for the machine tool industry. Comprehensive screen, curved screen, metal frame, ceramic frame, more and more exquisite technology leads to more and more need for high-end processing tools. Fortunately, Shenyang machine tool and Han's laser, as representatives of China's machine tool and laser industry, have taken a share in the rise of the industry

second, the dilemma of the machine tool industry

talk about the problems of the order and the industry

the market is cruel, and the law of the survival of the fittest must be observed. The excellent ones will stay, and the poor ones will be eliminated. So is the machine tool industry

at present, most domestic machine tool enterprises are in an embarrassing situation - "high is not enough, low is not enough." Technology, innovation and other aspects cannot support it to enter the high-end market, but the original inherent foundation still has a place in the middle and low-end market, and will not be completely eliminated by the market

in the competition of high-end market, domestic machine tools are directly facing the competition of enterprises in developed countries such as Germany and Japan, which have the most advanced machine tool technology and the top industry in the world, such as demaji, tongkuai, Mazak, Makino, Mitsubishi Heavy Industry and other machine tool industry giants. The precision and performance of machine tools of these enterprises are among the top in the world, and domestic machine tools do not have any advantages in these aspects. However, the prices of these high-end machine tools also make people unable to accept them based on the standards of high starting point, high level, high income, low material consumption, low energy consumption and low pollution. They are prone to millions. For medium and low-end manufacturing enterprises, they simply cannot afford such a high price machine tool. Therefore, the middle and low-end market has always been the main position of domestic machine tools

however, it is not so easy. In the middle and low end, there are competition from Taiwan Province, India and other Southeast Asian regions. For example, in Taiwan, there are machine tool enterprises such as Youjia, Dongtai, Taichung precision machinery, Yawei, etc., which are powerful competitors of machine tool enterprises in the inland region. Throughout 2016, Taiwan, China, China ranked first in the number of CNC lathes imported from the mainland - the source of specimen stiffness bed; The amount ranks second. Its average unit price is 55% of the average unit price of CNC lathes imported from Chinese Mainland

although the tiger and wolf are surrounded and the competition is fierce, it is gratifying that a large part of the domestic mid-range market still belongs to domestic machine tools, and more and more domestic manufacturing plants have also begun to use domestic machine tools

III. suggestions on breaking the situation

we are embarrassed by one thing: Japan machine tools are the first to benefit from the recovery and recovery of China's manufacturing industry

but anyway, this is more like a warning to us that domestic machine tools really need to move towards the high end. Otherwise, it will be stuck in the throat and difficult to swallow

1. Innovation: today's CNC machine tool industry needs to embark on a high-end development route in order to enhance its competitiveness and broaden the market. Innovation is the most basic driving force for the development of the machine tool industry. In order to improve the technical level of the NC machine tool industry, we must pay attention to the construction of innovation capability platform. With regard to innovation, in the major special scientific and technological conference of "high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment" in China, Luo Junjie, deputy director of the equipment industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, mentioned that "in order to make an overall breakthrough in CNC machine tools, we should continue to give full play to the innovative advantages with Chinese characteristics, concentrate all kinds of innovative resources, continue to promote, and work for a long time."

2. Time: we need process. Machine tool design, system research and development, process procedures, and technology development all need process. The machine tool industry in developed countries has a history of nearly 100 years. China's machine tool industry started slowly, but developed rapidly. Machine tool enterprises led by Shenyang machine tool have their own operating systems and intelligent machine tools. Although the accuracy is not as good as the top products of top companies, it is not far away

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